6 tips to reduce risk “Colon and rectum cancer”

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6 tips to reduce risk “Colon and rectum cancer

Department of Medical Services by the National Cancer Institute Point out warning signs: Colon and rectal cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. of many countries around the world With the changing way of life Recommend avoiding high-fat foods fast food Charred grilled food Food made from repeated frying oil and processed meat

Causes of colorectal cancer

Colon cancer begins with the development of polyps in the intestines and develops into cancer over a period of 10-15 years. Colon and rectal cancer usually has no symptoms in its early stages. Symptoms will appear only when the disease has progressed to the final stage. As a result, the treatment does not work as well as it should.

Why is colon and rectal cancer. Why is it found in Thai people?

Dr. Somsak Akkasilp, Director-General of the Department of Medical Services, said that in Thailand, colon and rectal cancer is the third most common cancer in males and the second most common in females. Estimates are that in 2018 there will be approximately 13,000 new cases and deaths. About 5,000 people 

Dr. Jinda Rojanamethin, Director of the National Cancer Institute Added that At present, Thai people’s lifestyles have changed greatly from the past, especially their consumption habits such as high-fat foods. Various fast food Becoming more popular Eating grilled, charred food Food made from repeate frying oil and processed meat. It is consider an important risk factor for disease. There are also other risk factors such as smoking and drinking alcohol. lack of exercise Being obese and being overweight as well as having a family or personal history of intestinal polyps, etc.

Symptoms of colorectal cancer

Common symptoms of colorectal cancer include: 

  • Constipation alternating with diarrhea 
  • Frequent defecation 
  • Can’t take all the photos 
  • Stool with mucus or mucus mixed with blood, or may have fresh blood in the stool. 
  • The size of the stool becomes smaller.
  • Have abdominal pain, distension, bloating, colic, etc.

Chemotherapy at home New Normal Cancer Treatment Helper

An obstacle to cancer treatment is that most hospitals do not have enough beds. Patients who need to receive chemotherapy Need to stay in the hospital every time Sometimes it causes patients to receive treatment that does not follow the medication cycle and lacks continuity. Department of Medical Services, Ramathibodi Hospital With various hospitals Under the Ministry of Public Health university hospital and the National Health Security Office have joined in pushing for The policy on giving chemotherapy at home (Home chemotherapy) is a benefit package for colorectal cancer patients from July 2020. Allowing patients to receive treatment on time. effective Providing results for physical health and a better mind. It was also found that giving chemotherapy at home. It has a lower cost than chemical drug services at hospitals as well. Home chemotherapy treatment is considered to the development of a new medical service model, known as the “New Normal of Medical Service” for cancer patients.

Tips to reduce risk “Colon and rectum cancer”

  1. Reduce foods high in animal fat. Grilled food Various fast food
  2. Reduce fried food, especially those fried in reused oil.
  3. Reduce consumption of processed meats such as sausages, beef jerky, etc.
  4. Eat more foods that contain dietary fiber such as vegetables, fruits, various grains, beans, brown rice, etc.
  5. quit smoking and reduce alcohol consumption
  6. Maintain weight within standard limits
  7. Exercise regularly

How to prevent colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is a cancer that can screen to find it in its early stages. As a result, the treatment is effective and there is a high chance of recovery from the disease. People aged 50 years and over should screen for colorectal cancer by checking for latent blood in the stool once a year. If abnormal, you should undergo a colonoscopy. In cases where polyps or abnormalities found in the large intestine. The doctor will take a biopsy of the area for further diagnosis.